Yuva Nagarik Meter(YNM)
Yuva Nagarik Meter: Synopsis
The Yuva Nagarik Meter (YNM) is CMCA’s pioneering national benchmark study to establish a baseline of democratic citizenship values and attitudes of youth in Urban India. CMCA has been in the endeavour of nurturing democratic citizenship values among school children since the year 2000. After nearly a decade of experience working with thousands of high school children across India, CMCA felt the need for a credible and comprehensive benchmark study such as the YNM.
Even almost seven decades after Independence, the world’s largest and most diverse democracy does not have reliable empirical data on what exactly our youth are thinking on critical components of democracy and what values they are growing up with to evolve as humane and active citizens.
The Yuva Nagarik Meter (YNM) will for the first time provide to India, reliable data on the levels of knowledge, comprehension, attitudes and values of young Indians pertaining to democratic citizenship. YNM seeks to hold a mirror to society at large and will tell us how the Young Indian comprehends and what values and attitudes he/she possesses vis-a-vis issues like: Rights & Responsibilities, Democratic Governance, Adherence to Civic Rules, Gender Equality, Diversity & Social Justice and Environmental Conservation. CMCA hopes that this will kick-start introspection in the society at large and stimulate public debates and deliberations that would culminate in the much needed policy interventions.
- The aggregate mean percentage score combining high school and college on democratic citizenship in urban India as measured by Yuva Nagarik Meter is rather low at 21%
- On the whole, there is no significant difference in the aggregate scores of democratic citizenship between high school (21%) and college students (20%).
- Contrary to expectation, college students score only marginally higher than high school students.
- Attitudes toward gender equality are the lowest scoring domain for high schools with a mere 10 % score while attitude towards democratic governance is the lowest scoring domain for college with a score of minus 11%.
- Attitudes related to environmental conservation is the highest scoring domain for high school with a 40% score as well as college students with 45% score. However, it still remains a below average score.
A brief on the findings
Yuva Nagarik Meter : A brief summary of the findings
- The study shows the youth’s inability to understand democracy as a principle.
- The overall democratic deficits in the culture of Indian society have not been addressed by our educational systems. In fact, undemocratic educational institutions and interactions continue to mark young people and encourage un-democratic ideas and attitudes.
- Educated youth reproduce cultural values from their social context is evident in their endorsement of ideas related to gender, caste and religious segregation and to a growing antipathy towards the working class.
- That stereotypical values and attitudes prevail among youth is represented in their ideas related to women’s rights and their attitude towards violence.
- Home and educational institutional cultures, parental pressure and popular cultures of hierarchy, discrimination and lack of tolerance seem to mark students significantly than other factors.
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